The swift fox (Vulpes velox) is a small light gray to tan canid (animals in the dog family) found in the shortgrass prairies of western Nebraska.

Swift fox are about half the size of the more common red fox (Vulpes vulpes), and although color varies in both species, swift fox lack the distinctive black spots that red fox display on the back of their ears and the white tail tip.

A socially monogamous species, pups are born from March to April and are dependent on adults for food and protection until they disperse in the fall.

Like most canids, swift fox eat almost anything including: grasses, berries, grain, small mammals, lizards, carrion, even insects. Hunting for food after dark, swift fox spend most of the day in small underground dens which protect them from predators.

Listed as a Tier-1 at risk species by Nebraska Natural Legacy Plan, little is known about the current status or distribution of swift fox populations in Nebraska.

swiftfoxpi"Swift Fox caught on a trail camera


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